In which G.M. Norton marvels at Bartitsu, the gentlemanly way to deal with ruffians.
Fair warning to footpads and cutpurses everywhere! The next time you’re thinking of stealing from a parasol-carrying lady or cane-twirling gentleman, you may be the deserving victim of Bartitsu, a martial art for discerning chaps and chapettes.
Bartitsu, a form of mixed martial arts using a cane, umbrella or even a bicycle, was the brainchild of a Victorian gentleman by the name of Edward Barton-Wright.
An engineer by profession, Barton-Wright travelled to far-flung places across the globe. During a trip to Japan, he was rather taken with a demonstration of jujitsu and quickly took it up himself before learning a smattering of Judo too.
|Barton-Wright pictured after disarming a ruffian with his moustache|
The Victorian era often evokes glamorous images of gentlemen in crisp tailcoats and top hats and ladies with crinoline dresses and lacy parasols. However, the dark streets of Victorian towns and cities were often fraught with danger as footpads, fogle-snatchers and street gangs lurked in the shadows, intent on removing you of your valuables. Indeed, it could be said that a gentleman of breeding took his life in his own hands when treading the dangerous path across town.
This did not go ignored by the newspaper editors keen on selling their latest edition, running lurid stories on the latest exploits of street gangs including Hooligans in London, Cornermen in Liverpool and Scuttlers in my home city of Manchester.
Aware of the panic and fear spreading across Blighty, Barton-Wright returned to London with a scheme to help the upper classes deal with malodorous street urchins, horrible little proletarians and dreadful razor-wielding lunatics.
Barton-Wright was a pioneer, a man ahead of his time. He developed a form of mixed martial arts, combining fisticuffs (scientific boxing), low kicking, wrestling, jujitsu and self-defence using whatever you have to hand. Unveiling Bartitsu to the world in 1898, Barton-Wright had developed a means for the ladies and gentlemen of London to beat ruffians at their own game.
Promoted via lectures, articles in Pearson magazine and contests, similar self-defence schools soon sprung up all over the great city, with Barton-Wright’s Bartitsu method leading the pack.
Indeed, the martial arts craze caught the attention of writer Sir Arthur Conan Doyle who used Bartitsu to explain the escape from death of his famous fictional detective, Mr. Sherlock Holmes (though Conan-Doyle mischeviously spelled it Baritsu).
“We tottered together upon the brink of the fall. I have some knowledge, however, of baritsu, or the Japanese system of wrestling, which has more than once been very useful to me. I slipped through his grip, and he with a horrible scream kicked madly for a few seconds and clawed the air with both his hands. But for all his efforts he could not get his balance, and over he went. With my face over the brink, I saw him fall for a long way. Then he struck a rock, bounced off, and splashed into the water.”
Sherlock Holmes’ account of his escape from death in Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s The Empty House (1903)
Sadly, Barton-Wright’s School of Arms closed down in 1902, apparently owing to the costly tuition fees and a possible disagreement with an instructor.
Thanks to Sir Arthur Conan Doyle’s famous, cryptic reference, this gentlemanly art of self-defence is still remembered more than one hundred years later. Indeed, a form of it was included in the Guy Ritchie film interpretation, Sherlock Holmes.
There is a website dedicated to Bartitsu with a small number of schools running around the world. I for one would love to learn this gentlemanly form of self-defence should one ever sprout up in Manchester. Who knew a bicycle could be such an effective weapon?
I will leave you with this mini-documentary by the Bartitsu Society.
Protagonist of ‘Norton of Morton’
Protagonist of ‘Norton of Morton’